Ruined castle dating 1215

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Our Word of the Year choice serves as a symbol of each year’s most meaningful events and lookup trends.

It is an opportunity for us to reflect on the language and ideas that represented each year.

For a study of legendary High Kings of Britain, including a variant on the Bretwaldas from the Synod of Whitby (664), go HERE.

A town in east-central England, 48 miles (77 km.) north of London and 25 miles (40 km.) east of Bedford, a ford on the River Cam just south of the Fen Country.

It is noted as the site of John Bunyan's (author of Pilgrim's Progress) meeting hall where he preached.

The thinly populated reach of territory in Durham and northern Northumberland.

Simply put, the Bretwalda was that Anglo-Saxon monarch acknowledged by all the others to be paramount in battle, and most powerful among their number.From the 13th century it was the site of important wool-fairs. Normally I would not include a local Bishopric, but the Bishops of Durham were extremely powerful.After the Norman conquest they were made Prince-Bishops of the Palatinate of Durham (1071-1836), exactly in the manner of Prince-Bishoprics on the Continent, especially within the Holy Roman Empire.The English people are an even blend of Romano-British Celts, Anglo-Saxon Teutons, Danes, and Normans (themselves a melding of Frankish and Norwegian folk).Their influence on world affairs is much too well known to require review here.A town in southwestern England, at the edge of the Cotswolds.

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